Belgium Visa Requirements: Everything You Need to Know

If you need information about Belgium visa requirements, there’s no other place than this.


Belgium, known as the Kingdom of Belgium, is a nation located in Western Europe with a population of 11,420,163 people. Its capital city, Brussels, is one of the largest and most populated cities in the country.

In addition, throughout history, Belgium has been under the control of various European powers. This includes the Dutch, Spanish, French, and Austrian. Hence, each of these influences has left behind a rich historical and architectural legacy. The country is renowned for its picturesque canals, charming cobblestone streets, and impressive medieval structures.

Belgium boasts several stunning tourist destinations, including the medieval city of Antwerp, the Archaeological Museum of Arlon, the Flemish béguinages, and the fairytale-like historic city of Bruges. These attractions attract visitors from around the world who are captivated by Belgium’s beauty and charm.

In 1995, the Belgian government joined the European Union’s border-free zone by ratifying the Schengen Agreement. This membership allows for short-stay admission to Belgium and also grants access to other Schengen member countries, which encompass a significant portion of Europe.

Entry Requirements for Belgium

If you are traveling to Belgium by plane, you will be required to present certain travel and identification documents to the Belgian border officials upon your arrival at the airport. The following documents are necessary:

  • A valid passport or travel authorization issued within the last ten years, with a validity of at least three months beyond your intended departure from Belgium and the Schengen Area.
  • A visa, if you are subject to the Belgian visa regime.
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Additional supporting documents, a letter of invitation from a Belgian host, or proof of accommodation, may also be required. It is advisable to contact the Belgian consular office in your place of residence for detailed information regarding these requirements.

Furthermore, during the border control process, the Belgian border guard will carefully examine the submitted documents. You may be asked questions about your trip to Belgium.

But not to worry, the questions are just concerning the purpose of your visit, the duration of your stay, and your intended place of accommodation. The final decision regarding your entry into Belgium rests with the border guard. They will consider the validity and authenticity of your documentation. If everything is in order, you will be granted entry into Belgium and the Schengen Area.

Also, it is important to ensure that the Belgian border official stamps your passport with an entry stamp when you enter the Schengen region. Failure to obtain the entry stamp may result in fines or even imprisonment if you leave Belgium without proper documentation.

Who Requires a Schengen Visa to Enter Belgium?

The following individuals need a visa to visit Belgium:

  • Residents of third-world nations that have not established visa liberalization agreements with the European Union.
  • Individuals who have been refused entry into Belgium or any other Schengen country without a visa, despite being citizens of third-world nations with agreements regarding the relaxation of visa requirements with the Schengen nations.

Types of Visas Required for Entry into Belgium

If you wish to travel to Belgium for a short period, you must apply for a Schengen Visa. The specific type of visa depends on the purpose of your visit. Here are some common types of Schengen visas for Belgium:

  1. Airport Transit Visa: This visa is necessary if you are transiting through a Belgian airport on your way to a country outside the Schengen Zone.
  2. Tourist Visa: If you plan to spend your vacation in Belgium or engage in sightseeing and exploration, a tourist visa is required.
  3. Visitor Visa: Foreign nationals who have relatives or friends residing in Belgium and wish to visit them must apply for a visitor visa.
  4. Business Visa: The Belgium Business Visa is designed for individuals who need to participate in business-related activities in Belgium.
  5. Official Delegation Visa: For delegations traveling to Belgium on official business, an official delegation visa is required.
  6. Medical Visa: Patients who require medical treatment in Belgian hospitals or clinics can be granted a medical visa for the country.
  7. Study Visa: If you wish to study at a Belgian educational institution for up to three months, you need to apply for a study visa.
  8. Visa for Cultural, Sports, and Film Crews: Individuals attending cultural, sporting, or film events in Belgium must obtain this visa.
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Required Documents for a Tourist Schengen Visa to Belgium

When applying for a tourist visa to Belgium, you must provide additional documents along with your application. These documents may include:

  • Financial statements for the previous six months.
  • A detailed travel itinerary specifying your stay in Belgium, including entry and exit dates, hotel arrangements, and a list of intended locations and events.
  • Evidence of your financial ability to cover the expenses of your trip.

Required Documents for a Business Schengen Visa to Belgium

If you are applying for a business visa to Belgium, you will need to submit additional documents related to your business activities. These may include:

  • A letter of invitation from the Belgian company you intend to visit. The letter must include their contact information and address, as well as the dates of your visit.
  • A letter from your employer stating the purpose of your trip to Belgium.
  • Bank statements for business purposes, ideally covering the previous six months.
  • Memorandum and Articles of Association for your organization, provided as an original certified copy.
  • Trade permit documents, including the initial issue and the most recent renewal.
  • Evidence of funding for your trip, either from your employer or the partner company, stating the coverage of expenses for your entire stay in Belgium.
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Indeed, applying for a Belgium visa can be a complex process, as the country has a relatively high rejection rate. To increase your chances of approval, it is crucial to be thorough and careful when preparing your visa application.

If you need to apply for a Belgium visa, you can visit the official website ( for the application process and further information.


Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What are the visa requirements for Belgium?

A: The visa requirements for Belgium include a completed Schengen Visa application form, two recent passport-style photographs, and a passport or travel document valid for at least three months after you depart from the Schengen Area, issued within the last ten years.

Q: How do I apply for a Belgium visa in Nigeria?

A: To apply for a short-term Belgium visa in Nigeria, you must submit the following documents to the Belgian embassy or consulate:

  • Completed visa application for Belgium.
  • Two identical passport-sized photographs.
  • Valid ID card.
  • Copies of previous visas (if applicable).
  • Language Preference Form.
  • Covering letter.

Q: Is it difficult to get a Belgium visa?

A: Belgium is another Schengen country with a high rejection rate. Therefore, it is essential to exercise extreme caution and thoroughness when applying for a visa to Belgium. Only 76.4% of applications are approved, with 23.6% being denied.

Q: What is Annex 32 Belgium?

A: Annex 32 is a commitment of financial assistance in Belgium, guaranteeing payment for travel, living expenses, education, medical treatment, and repatriation. Only one person, the sponsor, is permitted to sign the Annex 32 commitment. The sponsor must sign the document in the presence of a member of the Visa Desk personnel at the Embassy.


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